Korean Medicine Hospitals’ Association(KOMHA), a nationwide organization, was founded to contributing to the improvement of healthcare of the people by enhancing the Korean Medicine(KM) hospitals and their medical services and improving the system of the hospitals.
The Association was established as prescribed by the medical law(Art.52).
As of 2022, the members are 500 korean medicine hospitals.
(The staff members of the hospitals are about 40,000.)
KM thinks that a person gets a disease because his / her healthy qi(Jeongi in Korean) is weakened so much that it cannot resist the attacks of pathogenic qi(Sagi in Korean) Healthy qi refers to all normal functions of the human body and the abilities to maintain health, including the abilities of self-regulation, adaptation to the environment, resistance against pathogens and self-recovery from illness.
On the other hand, pathogenic qi refers to an agent qi causing disease. In KM, a person gets a disease mainly because his / her body’s resistance to germs is weakened. In addition, KM sees that getting a disease does not simply concern certain parts of a body.
Rather, it thinks that a disease comes from physiological disharmony of the body.
That is, yin and yang of the body is not well balanced. KM regards a human body as a small universe and uses a variety of treatments to deal with a disease.
Hence come the huge variations in KM's treatments.This wide variety may explain the KM’s long time popularity with the Korean people.
From a broader prospective, prescription refers to all treatment methods applicable to diseases.
In KM, prescription is not limited to simple administration of medicine, but covers therapeutic treatments based on the diagnosis of patient’s conditions,
which include acupuncture, cupping, moxibustion, regimen(exercise) and dietary therapy as well as doctors’ directions and advice to patients.